Anniversaries

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ON THIS DATE IN 1964: DEATH OF JAMES

Professor Reginald William James, FRS, physicist, university man and polar explorer, died in Cape Town on 7 July, 1964. James was physicist of Shackleton’s Endurance as part of the Imperial Transcontinental Antarctic…

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ON THIS DATE IN 1942: DEATH OF HUDSON

Hudson (SPRI)

Captain (Commodore 2nd Class) Huberht Taylor Hudson, navigator of Endurance, died when the vessel on which he was serving, Pelavo, was torpedoed and then sank on 15 June, 1942.
Huberht Taylor Hudson was
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DEATH OF SPENCER-SMITH

Rev. Arnold Spencer-Smith, clergyman, photographer and Antarctic explorer, died on the Antarctic continent on 9 March, 1916, during the second sledging session of the Ross Sea party of Shackleton’s Imperial Trans-continental…

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2 March, 1913: Shackleton left Antarctica aboard ‘Morning’

ON THIS DATE IN 1903: DEPARTURE OF MORNING FROM ANTARCTICA

SY Morning under Captain William Colbeck, a relief vessel of R. F. Scott’s British National Antarctic Expedition, left McMurdo Sound at about 2pm on 2 March,…

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ON THIS DATE IN 1958: DEATH OF ARCTOWSKI

Henryk Arctowski (born Henryk Artzt), Polish scientist and explorer, died 21 February, 1958, in Bethesda, northwest of Washington, D.C. Arctowski conducted much scientific work and observation as part of the Belgian

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KOETTLITZ

Reginald Koettlitz, scientist and polar explorer, was born in Ostend, Belgium, on 23 December 1860. Koettlitz served with two polar expeditions, one Arctic and one Antarctic—the Jackson-Harmsworth North Polar

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DEATH OF GOOCH

Sir Daniel Fulthorpe Gooch 3rd Baronet Gooch, of Clewer Park, died on 22 December, 1926. Gooch was an expert breeder of greyhounds and was, for a short period, the dog handler of Shackleton’s Imperial Trans-continental

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1895 LANDING ON THE ANTARCTIC CONTINENT!

ON THIS DATE IN 1895: FIRST UNDISPUTED LANDING ON THE ANTARCTIC CONTINENT

A party of six men from the ship Antarctic set foot on the Antarctic continent on 24 January, 1895, in the vicinity of Cape Adare. The party included

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MacLeod Updated

Thomas Frank MacLeod was born on 3 April, 1873, in Glasgow and grew up in Stornoway, on the island of Lewis in the Outer Hebrides, Scotland. By the age of fourteen McLeod was a man of the sea. He fought in the Boer War where

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Bakewell’s birthday!

HAPPY BIRTHDAY, BAKEWELL!

William Lincoln Bakewell, sailor and explorer, was born in Joliet, Illinois, USA, on 26 November, 1888. Bakewell was signed on to Shackleton’s ‘Endurance’ at Buenos Aires as Able …

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ON THIS DATE IN 1908: DEPARTURE OF THE ‘NIMROD’ POLAR TEAM

The southern march of Shackleton’s British Antarctic Expedition 1907-1909 (Nimrod expedition) to reach the South Pole began on 29 October, 1908.

Shackleton led the polar team which comprised Jameson Adams, Eric…

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Armytage’s birthday

Bertram Armytage, carer for the ponies of Shackleton’s Nimrod expedition, was born 29 September, 1869, in Geelong, Victoria, Australia.

Armytage attended Geelong Grammar School as well as Melbourne Grammar School

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Macklin’s birthday!

HAPPY BIRTHDAY MACKLIN!

Colonel Alexander Hepburne Macklin, OBE, MC, TD, Scottish physician and RAMC officer, was born 1 September, 1889, in India. Macklin was surgeon on Shackleton’s Imperial Transcontinental…

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New Year’s Day on Polar Expeditions

1900: BORCHGREVINK & CO. AT CAPE ADARE

1902: WITH ‘DISCOVERY’ NEARING THE ANTARCTIC CIRCLE

1903: WITH SCOTT ON THE POLAR TREK

1908: ‘NIMROD’ LEFT LYTTELTON, NZ

1909: IN THE ICE WITH THE ‘POURQUI PAS’

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Shackleton, Pardo & the ‘Yelcho’

In August, 1916, at Punta Arenas, Shackleton, in his own words, ‘begged the Chilian Government to let me have the Yelcho for a last attempt to reach the island [Elephant Island].’ The government allowed…

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ON THIS DATE IN 1916: Markham

ON THIS DATE IN 1916

On 30 January, 1916, Sir Clements Robert Markham died in London.

Born at Stillingfleet on 20 July, 1830, Markham joined the Royal Navy in 1844 and spent the next six years serving on various vessels

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100 YEARS AGO TODAY: The Relief of the Ross Sea Party

Too weak for hunting, physicist Richard Walters Richards became the lookout of the stranded party from the Ross Sea end of Shackleton’s Imperial Trans-continental Antarctic Expedition. On 10 January, 1917, through…

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Shackleton’s Death, 5 January, 1922

The death of Sir Ernest H. Shackleton

Sir Ernest H. Shackleton

Sir Ernest H. Shackleton

On 4 January, 1922, the ‘Quest’ reached South Georgia and cast anchor off the Grytviken whaling station. Sir Ernest Shackleton visited old friends …

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Sir Ernest in Dublin 1909

Sir Ernest in Dublin: Sir Ernest Shackleton’s Dublin Nimrod lecture

in aid of Lady Dudley’s district nurses, 14 December, 1909.

 

Almost immediately after the British Antarctic Expedition (the Nimrod expedition),…

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ON THIS DATE IN 1940: GEORGE MARSTON

On 20 November, 1940, George Marston died. He was official artist on Shackleton’s expeditions aboard the Nimrod and the Endurance.

Signatures of Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton and George Marston

Signatures of Sir Ernest Henry Shackleton and George Marston

Marston was born on…

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On This Day in 1861 Nansen

On 10 October, 1861, Fridtjof Nansen—zoologist, oceanographer, athlete, scholar, academic, Arctic explorer, writer, diplomat, humanitarian—was born at Store Frøen, near Oslo, Norway. A leader in many fields…

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On This Day in 1966: Andrew Keith Jack

On 26 September, 1966, Andrew Keith Jack, physicist of the Aurora, industrial chemist, died.

Andrew Keith Jack (known as Keith Jack) was born on 9 September, 1885, in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Keith Jack was …

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On This Day In 1974: Green

On 26 September, 1974, Charles Green, the cook aboard the Endurance, died in Hull, England. He was known as the ‘Antarctic Chef’.

Charles Green was born on 24 November, 1888, in Richmond, Surrey, the eldest of four…

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On This Day in 1870: H. Hanssen

On 24 September, 1870, Helmer Julius Hanssen, Norwegian polar explorer, was born in Bjørnskinn, on the island of Andøya in northern Norway. He grew up farming and fishing with his father. Hanssen was an experienced…

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On This Day in 1924: Holness

On 20 September, 1924, Albert Ernest Holness died when he was washed overboard and lost at sea whilst serving on the trawler Lord Lonsdale off the Faroe Islands, Scotland.

Born in Hull on 7 December, 1892, Ernie Holness…

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On This Day in 1936: Charcot

Jean-Baptiste Charcot was a French polar explorer and expedition leader. His two expeditions in the first decade of the twentieth century explored, charted and mapped areas of Antarctica such as the Antarctic…

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On This Day in 1941: Joseph Stenhouse

Joseph Russell Stenhouse was born on 15 November, 1887, in Dumbarton, Scotland. He was educated at Barrow Higher Grade school but left at age fourteen. He was employed at the Barrow offices of Lloyds Register of Shipping…

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On This Day in 1882: Clark’s Birthday

On 11 September, 1882, Robert Selbie Clark, biologist aboard the Endurance, was born in Aberdeen, Scotland. Clark attended Aberdeen Grammar School and later attained two degrees—M.A. & B.Sc.—from Aberdeen…

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On This Day in 1874: McNish’s Birthday

On 11 September, 1874, Henry ‘Chippy’ McNish was born at 8 Lyons Lane, Port Glasgow, Inverclyde, Scotland. He was the third eldest of eleven children of John McNish and Mary Jane McNish (née Wade). It seems little…

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100 Years Ago Today: The Rescue

At daybreak of 30 August, 1916, the weather was still foggy. Sir Ernest Shackleton and Frank Worsley stayed up all night, at the bridge of the Yelcho hoping for the fog to ease. They feared that they would run into pack ice,…

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THIS DAY IN 1875

On 29 August, 1875, Robert Forde, Antarctic expedition veteran, was born in Moviddy, near Bandon, Co. Cork. Forde was part of Robert F. Scott’s Terra Nova expedition.

Robert was the youngest child of George Forde …

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100 Years Ago: The Launch of the ‘Yelcho’

On 25 August, 1916, Sir Ernest Shackleton left Punta Arenas aboard the Yelcho for the fourth attempt to rescue the twenty-two men stranded on Elephant Island.

Following the failure of the attempt to reach Elephant Island…

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On this day in 1870

On 24 August, 1870, Nicolai Hanson, zoologist and Antarctic explorer, was born at Kristiansund, Norway. He studied zoology at the University of Kristiania and, in the late 1890s, undertook field work for the British…

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On This Day in 1898

On 23 August, 1898, the Southern Cross left London at the beginning of the British Antarctic Expedition 1898–1900. The exhibition was the project of the half-British, half-Norwegian Carsten Borchgrevink and was…

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On this day in 1918

On 22 August, 1918, Alf Cheetham, veteran of Scott and Shackleton Antarctic expeditions, died aboard S.S. Prunelle when the ship was torpedoed by a German U-boat off Blyth in the North Sea.

Alf Cheetham & Tom Crean on the 'Endurance' expedition

           Alf Cheetham & Tom Crean

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On this day in 1939

On 19 August, 1939, Frank Wild, veteran of five Antarctic expeditions of the Heroic Age of Antarctic Exploration, died in South Africa.

Frank Wild

                              Frank Wild

Frank Wild was born in Skelton-in-Cleveland in north Yorkshire, England,…

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On this day in 1909

On 18 August, 1909, Shackleton wrote a letter to Emily, his wife, informing her that the Prime Minister, Herbert H. Asquith, had confirmed a parliamentary grant of £20,000 towards his debts and the cost of the Nimrod

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On This Day in 1796

 ON THIS DAY IN 1796

On 16 August, 1796, Francis Crozier was born in Banbridge, Co. Down. He was a veteran polar scientist and explorer, being on five expeditions to the polar regions—north and south. He assumed command…

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Anniversary of the deaths of Tom Crean & James McIlroy

Anniversary of Tom Crean’s death, 27 July, 1938.

On 27 July, 1938, Tom Crean died at the Bon Secour Home in Cork. Requiem Mass was held at the Church of the Sacred Heart, Anascaul, and the funeral party then proceeded …

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One hundred ago today: 27 October 1915

At 5pm, this day, 100 years ago, Sir Ernest Shackleton gave the order to abandon ship, at the position of lat 69. 5′ South, long 51.30 West

‘The floes, with the force of millions of tons of moving ice behind …

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